Learning Goals

Infants (0 – 17 months)

Physical Health & Motor Development

  • Cries to get needs met; begins to calm when needs are addressed
  • Begins to show interest in dressing self, helping with diaper, bath, etc.
  • Begins to feed himself or herself table foods when presented
  • Scoots, rolls, sits, crawls, begins to pull up, and walks with assistance before walking independently
  • Able to maintain balance for longer periods of time
  • Grabs with whole hand and then moves to picking up items with thumbs and fingers
  • Bats, kicks, scoops and rakes objects, toys, and food

Language & Communication Development

  • Turns toward sounds; responds to people calling his/her name
  • Responds physically to body language–lifts arms when being picked up
  • Able to follow one step requests–pick up your blanket
  • Moves mouth when watching others speak; points and uses signals
  • Begins forming common words
  • Enjoys looking, touching, and exploring books with caregivers
  • Reacts to stories, familiar songs, hand motions
  • Begins to notice symbols in print, letters, pictures, etc.
  • Explores writing materials–finger paints, large crayons, markers, etc.

Social & Emotional Development

  • Begins showing interest in adults and peers
  • Shows preference for primary caregivers
  • Plays alone or with caregiver; takes notice of peers
  • Recognizes when someone is showing strong emotion–hurt, anger, happiness
  • Responsive to routines but continues to work on self regulation

Cognitive Development

  • Looks at and uses mouth to explore touch and taste of new objects
  • Plays with and explores toys that make sound or have visual stimulation
  • Explores faces by touching hair, noses, eyes and lips
  • Enjoys seeing pictures of familiar people–family, classmates, teachers
  • Turns objects over; stacks toys; enjoys using toys for repeated time
  • Engages in putting objects in and out of other items
  • Copies caregivers expressions–tongue out, silly face, etc.
  • Bangs on or uses instruments to make noise; responds to music
  • Imitates adult actions–waving, dancing, singing, running, etc.

Toddlers (18 – 36 months)

Physical Health & Motor Development

  • Responds to safety instructions–Stop! Hot!
  • Washes hands and face, begins to dress self with help, indicates soiled or wet pants before potty training begins
  • Potty trains and responds to body’s needs independently
  • Makes food choices based on taste
  • Uses a spoon, fork and regular cup with assistance at times
  • Walks, runs, climbs, jumps easily
  • Climbs stairs one step at a time
  • Kicks and throws large balls
  • Fits objects or toys together correctly
  • Completes simple puzzles
  • Able to balance and build small towers
  • Uses pincer grasp to hold items

Language & Communication Development

  • Able to be quiet and listen when others are speaking
  • Follows one to two step requests; responds with words and actions
  • Uses 1-3 words to express needs; may begin simple phrases
  • Speaks familiar words clearly-Mom, dog, etc.
  • Asks to be read familiar or favorite books
  • Recognizes familiar symbols, letters, numbers in print
  • Remembers songs, fingerplays, characters, stories, etc.
  • Tries different hand grips for writing tools
  • Begins to form recognizable shapes, letters, numbers on a page

Social & Emotional Development

  • Engages with peers and adults; shows preference to primary caregivers
  • Plays with peers with some guidance from adults; copies modeled behavior
  • Shows empathy when someone is hurt; offers comfort
  • Demonstrates guilt over wrongdoing; turns head or averts eyes
  • Anticipates and participates in routines with adult guidance–bath time, story time, etc.

Cognitive Development

  • Plays with toys that move–push/pull, moving parts, buttons, etc.
  • Notices, points, and talks about animals and insects in environment
  • Identifies through action and some words environmental surroundings–sky, ocean, birds, leaf, etc.
  • Recognizes personal needs and asks for help
  • Imitates adult actions quickly
  • Sorts objects by characteristics–color or shape
  • Moves objects to fit–can complete a simple puzzle
  • Understands the concept of size–too big or too small
  • Pours, scoops, fills, empties materials in containers
  • Counts objects and says numbers verbally
  • Grips drawing tools and understands how to create on paper
  • Pretend plays in kitchen or with babies with peers and adults

3 Year Olds

Physical Health & Motor Development

  • Shows concern in unsafe situations
  • Brushes teeth, wipes nose, washes hands and face, dresses self independently
  • Manages toileting needs independently; adult help with cleanliness
  • Uses utensils and cups confidently and independently
  • Identifies healthy food choices
  • Runs more confidently and faster
  • Hops and jumps higher with better balance
  • Rides toys with pedals
  • Climbs stairs with alternating feet
  • Kicks, throws, and catches large balls
  • Handles delicate object carefully
  • Builds complex structures
  • Copies simple shapes, forms letters and numbers
  • Uses pincer grasp effectively

Language & Communication Development

  • Asks questions and listens for answers
  • Follows two step requests; answers questions as expected
  • Uses multiple words to communicate
  • Speaks clearly enough to be understood by familiar adults
  • Begins to read familiar books; makes up stories to go along with pictures
  • Recognizes rhyming words and familiar patterns in books
  • Identifies letters and sounds
  • Uses writing tools correctly; demonstrates understanding of how writing works–from top to bottom, left to right
  • Recognizes familiar words in print
  • Copies correct letter formations

Social & Emotional Development

  • Becomes more comfortable in new environments with new people
  • May continue to seek primary caregivers when unsure
  • Shares and takes turns with peers in play
  • Needs adult intervention when resolving conflict
  • Continuously seeks to understand situations; asks why a child is crying or why is someone mad
  • Anticipates routines but still relies on adult prompts
  • Participates in routines and requires less adult prompts

Cognitive Development

  • Plays with and predicts how toys move, feel, what to do with objects
  • Talks about objects in nature
  • Notices changes in weather, night and day, etc.
  • Understands similar and different characteristics in objects
  • Connects common events from one time or experience to another
  • Plays with peers in pretend games imitating others–teachers, grocery store, restaurant, etc.
  • Understand that people and objects exist in other places–grandmother’s house, mommy’s work, the farm, etc.
  • Sorts objects based on similarities and differences; copies simple patterns
  • Names all basic shapes, counts to 15, uses position words correctly
  • Uses math tools to measure in different ways
  • Demonstrates number knowledge in daily life and conversation
  • Creates art using a variety of materials; can explain creation
  • Uses instruments correctly; sings along with correct words and motions
  • Reenacts routines and participates easily in pretend play

Pre Kindergarten (4 year olds)

Physical Health & Motor Development

  • Practices good habits of personal safety
  • Uses good habits of personal hygiene with reminders
  • Understand healthy nutrition
  • Helps prepare snacks and meals
  • Run, jump, skip, climb, and pedal confidently
  • Coordinates sequence of movements to complete a task
  • Shows better control of tasks requiring pincer grasp (holding pencil correctly, eye dropper, tweezers)
  • Demonstrates increased hand-eye coordination with smaller objects

Language & Communication Development

  • Listens and makes comments on topics; asks and answers questions
  • Follows home and classroom routines with minimal adult support
  • Asks expected questions and shows understanding through expected answers
  • Speaks clearly and is easily understood by unknown adults
  • Uses language for different purposes
  • Able to engage in multiple pre-reading and reading activities
  • Makes up rhymes; recognizes word patterns with blends, digraphs, etc.
  • Recognizes all letters and is able to identify at least 10 sounds
  • Writes to convey meaning; demonstrates print skills on own paper
  • Confidently forms letters and writes his/her name

Social & Emotional Development

  • Shows increased confidence in new situations
  • Engages with new adults or peers more easily
  • Initiates play with peers with minimal adult intervention
  • Plans and engages in play with peers positively
  • Demonstrates care for others–gets a friend a new toy, helps pick up trash, gives sibling care when mom or dad aren’t available
  • Understands the routines and is able to self regulate successfully

Cognitive Development

  • Investigates and describes common objects
  • Names and describes organisms, simple life cycles, and earth materials
  • Recognizes characteristics of people
  • Organizes life in groups of events and time
  • Able to identify roles of community workers
  • Identifies common features in their immediate environment
  • Sorts and describes groups of objects with similar and different characteristics
  • Recognizes and creates patterns
  • Completes more complex puzzles
  • Recognizes and compares amounts, lengths using tools
  • Rote count 1-50; uses one to one correspondence for items 1-30
  • Uses manipulatives to add or subtract
  • Expresses self through different art media
  • Participates in musical activities of all kinds
  • Creates stories, plays, games using moods, setting, characters

Kindergarten Ready (5 year olds)

Physical Health & Motor Development

  • Practices good habits of personal safety
  • Uses good habits of personal hygiene more independently
  • Understand healthy nutrition and asks questions, makes observations
  • Helps prepare snacks and meals
  • Run, jump, skip, climb, and pedal confidently
  • Coordinates more complex sequence of movements to complete a task
  • Shows control of tasks requiring pincer grasp (holding pencil correctly, eye dropper, tweezers)
  • Demonstrates hand-eye coordination with smaller objects

Language & Communication Development

  • Listens and comprehends at a higher level when someone is speaking
  • Asks and answer questions thoughtfully making connections to self
  • Follows home and classroom routines with little to no adult support
  • Comments, engages in thoughtful discussion, makes connections across time–brings up a conversation from days ago that he/she has been thinking about
  • Combines complete sentences and is easily understood by peers and adults
  • Alters language for appropriate purpose with little to no adult guidance
  • Engages confidently in pre-reading and reading activities
  • Identifies rhymes, word patterns, blends, digraphs, CVC patterns in print and in reading
  • Increased sight word knowledge
  • Recognizes all upper and lower case letters and sounds
  • Independent writing is recognizable to peers and adults
  • Able to create a story on paper that makes sense in sequence and content

Social & Emotional Development

  • Confident in new situations with new adults and peers
  • Talks and engages with adults and peers often
  • Initiates, plans, and engages in play with peers with no adult intervention
  • Relates to strong emotions from others
  • Able to verbalize feelings about emotions effectively
  • Demonstrates care for peers and adults using appropriate responses from past experiences
  • Understands sequence and meaning of the routines; asks questions about routine changes; is able to self regulate and helps others to do so as well

Cognitive Development

  • Investigates and describes more complex objects
  • Names and describes using detail organisms, simple life cycles, and earth materials
  • Recognizes characteristics of people, cultures, groups or families
  • Organizes life in groups of events and time; can create and understand a timeline
  • Able to identify roles of community workers and describe them to others
  • Identifies common features in their immediate environment and asks questions about other places
  • Sorts and describes groups of objects with similar and different characteristics; creates new categories and can describe new techniques
  • Recognizes and creates more complex patterns
  • Completes more complex puzzles
  • Recognizes and compares amounts, lengths using tools; describes using correct language–too long, over filled, etc.
  • Rote count 1-100; uses one to one correspondence for items 1-50
  • Uses manipulatives to add or subtract
  • Expresses self through different art media
  • Participates in musical activities of all kinds
  • Creates stories, plays, games using moods, setting, characters; can describe scenario to other adults or peers

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Email: Emily Reichert
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